#contents
----
*What can I do after boot? [#p05ab563]
Almost same as normal OpenBSD installation on HDD. ~
See afterboot manual page by running ''man 8 afterboot''.

*How to change TimeZone [#s7282b52]
Re-link /etc/localtime;
 cd /etc
 ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/YOUR-TIME-ZONE localtime
Then set system clock if nessesary;
 date YOUR-LOCAL-TIME
Caution: date command causes your hardware clock changed.

*Saving and restoring the modified files [#wb58c8f8]
See [[this operation exsample>http://kaw.ath.cx/dl/pub/OpenBSD/LiveCD/0_README.SAMPLE.txt]].

*Adding other softwares [#c2de4582]
See [[this operation exsample>http://kaw.ath.cx/dl/pub/OpenBSD/LiveCD/0_README.SAMPLE.txt]], too. ~
Usual way as in HDD installation. ~
Packages and ports are also OK.

*Changing window manager [#pdcf6d6f]
Edit ~/.xinitrc
 
 xset +fp /usr/local/lib/X11/fonts/japanese/:unscaled
 xset +fp /usr/local/lib/X11/fonts/mona/:unscaled
 
 wm=twm   <---Edit this.
 
 case X"$wm" in
     Xicewm)
 
Edit shell variable ''wm''. ~
Available wm's are twm, fvwm, cwm or icewm.

*Can I rebuild my own CD-ROM image? [#o9aa148f]
Yes. ~
Here's a brief description of how to build a LiveCD image;

-OpenBSD version of build and target environment ''must be'' the same.
-And must be done by root.
 
+Get a build tool.
 ftp http://kaw.ath.cx/dl/pub/OpenBSD/LiveCD/tools/tools-4.X.tar.gz
+Extract it
 tar xvzpf tools-4.X.tar.gz
+Copy kernel
 cd tools-4.X
 rm bsd.orig
 cp bsd bsd.orig
(Or compile your customized kernel using tools-4.0/lib/RDROOT, then copy it to tools-4.X/bsd)~
~
+Copy your OpenBSD file-tree under tools-4.X/cdroot.dist ~
For example;
 cd cdroot.dist
 (cd YOUR-OPENBSD-FILE-TREE && tar cpf - .) | tar xvpf -
+Make an ISO image
 make livecd.iso
+Burn it.
 cdio -f /dev/rcd0c blank             ( <- Only for CD-RW )
 cdio -f /dev/rcd0c tao livecd.iso

That's all.

*Can I install this LiveCD to HDD? [#e32746d7]
Yes.

usbfadm utility can be used for installing FuguIta on HDD.~
Here is a instruction about it;
**Step 0 - Installing FuguIta on a HDD. [#ge308ba3]
On normal FuguIta LiveCD/LiveUSB, invoke usbfadm utility.
 # usbfadm
 
 Welcome to usbfadm.
 USB flash drive maintenance tool for FuguIta
 
      Boot mode: manual
 
 Type ? for help.
 
 ? : ? --> newdrive
 
 Please make sure the device inserted.
 Then press ENTER -> 
 
 ==== FYI: sd[0-9] on syslog ================================
 sd0 at scsibus2 targ 1 lun 0: <Generic, USB CF Reader, 0.00>
 sd1 at scsibus2 targ 1 lun 1: <Generic, USB SD Reader, 0.00>
 sd2 at scsibus2 targ 1 lun 2: <Generic, Mini SD Reader, 0.00>
 sd3 at scsibus2 targ 1 lun 3: <Generic, USB MS Reader, 0.00>
 sd4 at scsibus2 targ 1 lun 4: <Generic, USB SM Reader, 0.00>
 ============================================================
 Enter the name of device which FuguIta will be installed --> wd0
HDD drives such as wd0 will not be prompted, but it can be accepted as normal input.
 Disk: wd0       geometry: 2434/255/63 [39102336 Sectors]
 Offset: 0       Signature: 0xAA55
             Starting         Ending         LBA Info:
  #: id      C   H   S -      C   H   S [       start:        size ]
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *0: A5      0   1   1 -   2434   1  63 [          63:    39102273 ] FreeBSD     
  1: 00      0   0   0 -      0   0   0 [           0:           0 ] unused      
  2: 00      0   0   0 -      0   0   0 [           0:           0 ] unused      
  3: 00      0   0   0 -      0   0   0 [           0:           0 ] unused      
 
 This disk seems to have been partitioned already.
 Continue anyway? [y/N] -> y
 
 Do you make this USB flash drive bootable? [y/n] -> y
 
 Enter size for saving User Data in MB (18392MB free).
 '*' implies all --> 8192
Caution: usbfadm will erase *ALL DATA* on specified HDD.
 ***THIS IS THE LAST CHANCE***
 If you type 'Y' now, all the data on wd0 will be lost.
 Are you sure to initialize wd0? [y/N] -> y
 
 ========================================
 = Clearing MBR and BSD disklabel
 =
 1+0 records in
 1+0 records out
 1048576 bytes transferred in 0.103 secs (10087020 bytes/sec)
 
 (snip)
 
 ========================================
 = Checking filesystem consistency
 =
 ** /dev/rwd0a
 ** File system is already clean
 ** Last Mounted on /mnt
 ** Phase 1 - Check Blocks and Sizes
 ** Phase 2 - Check Pathnames
 ** Phase 3 - Check Connectivity
 ** Phase 4 - Check Reference Counts
 ** Phase 5 - Check Cyl groups
 10 files, 356188 used, 5171 free (11 frags, 645 blocks, 0.0% fragmentation)
 ** /dev/rwd0d
 ** File system is already clean
 ** Last Mounted on /mnt
 ** Phase 1 - Check Blocks and Sizes
 ** Phase 2 - Check Pathnames
 ** Phase 3 - Check Connectivity
 ** Phase 4 - Check Reference Counts
 ** Phase 5 - Check Cyl groups
 3 files, 3 used, 14645075 free (19 frags, 1830632 blocks, 0.0% fragmentation)
 
 wd0d : ? --> quit
 
 Bye bye...
 #
Now, you've got a new "LiveHDD" system. ~
The operation of this "FuguIta LiveHDD" is almost identical to "FuguIta LiveCD/LiveUSB" system, then;
-You have to enter any parameters at boot time.
-All files modified after boot will be lost (unless you will do backup by usbfadm).
-Maximum size of writable partition is about 1GB.
**Step 1 - Make non-intractive at boot time (optional) [#k9e6c26d]
Note: Before this step, Step 0 have to be performed ever.

By this step, you will not prompted any input at boot time.

To activate non-interactive mode, edit /noasks file on wd0d;
 # mount /dev/wd0d /mnt
 # vi /mnt/noasks
Uncomment all parameters as follows; ~
noask_umem must be less than physical memory size and 1024MB.
 # cat /mnt/noasks
 #
 # noasks - parameter settings for non-interactive boot
 #
 # Make statements uncommented
 # to activate settings
 #
 #
 # FuguIta system device
 noask_rdev='wd0a'
 #
 # mfs size in MB
 noask_umem='1023'
 #
 # boot mode
 noask_setup_rw_mode='3'
 #
 # data set name in USB flash drive
 noask_confdir='test.localnet'
Then unmount it
 # umount /dev/wd0d
**Step 2 - Make users' data persistent (optional) [#ba06ba38]
Note: Before this step, Step 0 to 1 have to be performed ever.

At this step;
-Make swap partition active - you can run big application process.
-Persistent directory will appear.
***Prepare swap and data partitions [#h8b8cde3]
Modify fdisk partition table for OpenBSD-only use
 # fdisk -e wd0
 Enter 'help' for information
 fdisk: 1> p
 Disk: wd0       geometry: 2434/255/63 [39102336 Sectors]
 Offset: 0       Signature: 0xAA55
             Starting         Ending         LBA Info:
  #: id      C   H   S -      C   H   S [       start:        size ]
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  0: 06   1133 146  38 -   2434   1  63 [    18210880:    20891456 ] DOS > 32MB  
  1: 00      0   0   0 -      0   0   0 [           0:           0 ] unused      
  2: 00      0   0   0 -      0   0   0 [           0:           0 ] unused      
 *3: A6      0   1   2 -   1133 146  37 [          64:    18210816 ] OpenBSD     
 fdisk: 1> e 0
             Starting         Ending         LBA Info:
  #: id      C   H   S -      C   H   S [       start:        size ]
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  0: 06   1133 146  38 -   2434   1  63 [    18210880:    20891456 ] DOS > 32MB  
 Partition id ('0' to disable)  [0 - FF]: [6] (? for help) 0
 Partition 0 is disabled.
 fdisk:*1> e 3
             Starting         Ending         LBA Info:
  #: id      C   H   S -      C   H   S [       start:        size ]
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *3: A6      0   1   2 -   1133 146  37 [          64:    18210816 ] OpenBSD     
 Partition id ('0' to disable)  [0 - FF]: [A6] (? for help) 
 Do you wish to edit in CHS mode? [n] 
 offset: [64] 
 size: [18210816] *
 fdisk:*1> p
 Disk: wd0       geometry: 2434/255/63 [39102336 Sectors]
 Offset: 0       Signature: 0xAA55
             Starting         Ending         LBA Info:
  #: id      C   H   S -      C   H   S [       start:        size ]
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  0: 00      0   0   0 -      0   0   0 [           0:           0 ] unused      
  1: 00      0   0   0 -      0   0   0 [           0:           0 ] unused      
  2: 00      0   0   0 -      0   0   0 [           0:           0 ] unused      
 *3: A6      0   1   2 -   2434   1  63 [          64:    39102272 ] OpenBSD     
 fdisk:*1> w
 Writing MBR at offset 0.
 fdisk: 1> q
***Make swap (wd0b) and data (wd0e) partition [#s97ad1b1]
 # disklabel -E wd0
 Label editor (enter '?' for help at any prompt)
 > p
 OpenBSD area: 64-39102336; size: 39102272; free: 0
 #                size           offset  fstype [fsize bsize  cpg]
   a:          1445760               64  4.2BSD   2048 16384    1 
   c:         39102336                0  unused                   
   d:         16765056          1445824  4.2BSD    512  4096    1 
   i:         20891456         18210880   MSDOS                   
 > d i
 > b
 Starting sector: [64] 
 Size ('*' for entire disk): [39102272] *
 > a b
 offset: [18210880] 
 size: [20891456] 1G
 Rounding size to cylinder (16065 sectors): 2095280
 FS type: [swap] 
 > a e
 offset: [20306160] 
 size: [18796176] 
 FS type: [4.2BSD] 
 Rounding offset to bsize (32 sectors): 20306176
 Rounding size to bsize (32 sectors): 18796160
 > p g
 OpenBSD area: 64-39102336; size: 18.6G; free: 0.0G
 #                size           offset  fstype [fsize bsize  cpg]
   a:             0.7G               64  4.2BSD   2048 16384    1 
   b:             1.0G         18210880    swap                   
   c:            18.6G                0  unused                   
   d:             8.0G          1445824  4.2BSD    512  4096    1 
   e:             9.0G         20306176  4.2BSD   2048 16384    1 
 > q
 Write new label?: [y] y
 # newfs /dev/rwd0e
 /dev/rwd0e: 9177.8MB in 18796160 sectors of 512 bytes
 46 cylinder groups of 202.47MB, 12958 blocks, 25984 inodes each
 super-block backups (for fsck -b #) at:
  32, 414688, 829344, 1244000, 1658656, 2073312, 2487968, 2902624, 3317280,
  3731936, 4146592, 4561248, 4975904, 5390560, 5805216, 6219872, 6634528,
  7049184, 7463840, 7878496, 8293152, 8707808, 9122464, 9537120, 9951776,
  10366432, 10781088, 11195744, 11610400, 12025056, 12439712, 12854368,
  13269024, 13683680, 14098336, 14512992, 14927648, 15342304, 15756960,
  16171616, 16586272, 17000928, 17415584, 17830240, 18244896, 18659552,
 # cd /etc
 # vi rc.local
***Edit and save /etc files [#eb70e1b7]
Edit /etc/rc.local as follows;
 # cat rc.local
 #	$OpenBSD: rc.local,v 1.44 2011/04/22 06:08:14 ajacoutot Exp $
 
 # Site-specific startup actions, daemons, and other things which
 # can be done AFTER your system goes into securemode.  For actions
 # which should be done BEFORE your system has gone into securemode
 # please see /etc/rc.securelevel.
 
 swapctl -a /dev/wd0b
 
 mkdir /opt
 if mount -o softdep /dev/wd0e /opt
 then
     :
 else
     fsck -fy /dev/rwd0e && mount -o softdep /dev/wd0e /opt
 fi
 ldconfig -m /usr/local/lib
 
 # vi rc.shutdown
Edit /etc/rc.shutdown as follows;
 # cat /etc/rc.shutdown                                                         
 #       $OpenBSD: rc.shutdown,v 1.12 2011/04/22 06:08:14 ajacoutot Exp $
 #
 # If it exists, this script is run at system-shutdown by reboot(8),
 # halt(8).  If the architecture supports keyboard requested halting,
 # it is also run by init(8) when such an event happens.
 #
 
 powerdown=NO    # set to YES for powerdown
 
 # Add your local shutdown actions here.
 
 export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin
 /usr/fuguita/sbin/usbfadm << EOF
 sync
 y
 q
 EOF
 
 # === to unmount /mfs safely ===
 #
 umount -f /mfs
 # 
Save these modifications to wd0d
 # usbfadm
 
 Welcome to usbfadm.
 USB flash drive maintenance tool for FuguIta
 
      Boot mode: manual
 
 Type ? for help.
 
 ? : ? --> target 
 
 Searching USB flash drives
 Please make sure the device inserted.
 Then press ENTER -> 
 
 +wd0d wd1 sd0 sd1 sd2 sd3 sd4 
 target device --> wd0d
 
 wd0d : ? --> saveas 
 Name of saved data --> test.localnet
 
 Your data will be saved as ``test.localnet''.
 
 wd0d : test.localnet --> sync
 
 Sync current mfs as ``test.localnet'' , OK? [y/N] -> y
 
 sending incremental file list
 created directory /mnt/livecd-config/test.localnet
 ./
 altroot/
 etc/
 ....(snip)...
 var/yp/Makefile.yp.dist
 var/yp/README
 
 sent 13647266 bytes  received 152253 bytes  484193.65 bytes/sec
 total size is 12765903  speedup is 0.93
 
 wd0d : test.localnet --> quit
 
 Bye bye...
**Step 3 - Move files to persistent partition (optional) [#m310f73a]
Note: Before this step, Step 0 to 2 have to be performed ever.

First, booting from FuguIta-installed HDD device. ~
Then login as root.

Make sure that /dev/wd0e (persistent device) is mounted.
 # mount
 /dev/rd0a on / type ffs (local)
 /dev/wd0a on /sysmedia type ffs (local, read-only)
 /dev/vnd5a on /fuguita type ffs (local, read-only)
 mfs:5883 on /mfs type mfs (local, size=2095104 512-blocks)
 /dev/wd0e on /opt type ffs (local, softdep)
 # df -h
 Filesystem     Size    Used   Avail Capacity  Mounted on
 /dev/rd0a      1.6M    1.1M    407K    74%    /
 /dev/wd0a      706M    696M   10.1M    99%    /sysmedia
 /dev/vnd5a     676M    640M   35.4M    95%    /fuguita
 mfs:5883      1009M   81.2M    877M     8%    /mfs
 /dev/wd0e     15.7G    2.0K   14.9G     0%    /opt
For example, move /usr/local (actually /mfs/usr/local) under /opt/ext/usr .
 # mkdir -p /opt/ext/usr
 # cd /mfs/usr
 # ls -l
 total 44
 drwxr-xr-x   7 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 X11R6
 drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel  6144 Sep 16 20:00 bin
 drwxr-xr-x  10 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 fuguita
 drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel  1024 Sep 16 20:00 games
 drwxr-xr-x  34 root  wheel  3072 Sep 16 20:00 include
 drwxr-xr-x   6 root  wheel  1536 Sep 16 20:00 lib
 drwxr-xr-x   6 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 libdata
 drwxr-xr-x   8 root  wheel  1536 Sep 16 20:00 libexec
 drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 May  1 16:19 lkm
 drwxr-xr-x  12 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 local
 drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 mdec
 drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 May  1 16:19 obj
 drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel  4096 Sep 16 20:00 sbin
 drwxr-xr-x  19 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 share
 drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 May  1 16:20 src
 drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 May  1 16:20 xobj
 # pax -rwvpe local /opt/ext/usr/
 /opt/ext/usr/local
 /opt/ext/usr/local/bin
 /opt/ext/usr/local/bin/anthy-agent
 (snip)
 /opt/ext/usr/local/share/xml
 /opt/ext/usr/local/share/xml/libglade
 /opt/ext/usr/local/share/xml/libglade/glade-2.0.dtd
 # mv local local.xxx
 # ln -s /opt/ext/usr/local .
 # ls -l
 total 44
 drwxr-xr-x   7 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 X11R6
 drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel  6144 Sep 16 20:00 bin
 drwxr-xr-x  10 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 fuguita
 drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel  1024 Sep 16 20:00 games
 drwxr-xr-x  34 root  wheel  3072 Sep 16 20:00 include
 drwxr-xr-x   6 root  wheel  1536 Sep 16 20:00 lib
 drwxr-xr-x   6 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 libdata
 drwxr-xr-x   8 root  wheel  1536 Sep 16 20:00 libexec
 drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 May  1 16:19 lkm
 lrwxr-xr-x   1 root  wheel    18 Sep 16 20:39 local -> /opt/ext/usr/local
 drwxr-xr-x  12 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 local.xxx
 drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 mdec
 drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 May  1 16:19 obj
 drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel  4096 Sep 16 20:00 sbin
 drwxr-xr-x  19 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 share
 drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 May  1 16:20 src
 drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 May  1 16:20 xobj
 # rm -rf local.xxx
For 2nd example, move /home (actually /mfs/home) under /opt/ext .
 # cd /mfs
 # ls -l
 total 12
 drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 Mar 27 05:55 altroot
 drwxr-xr-x  31 root  wheel  2560 Sep 16 20:25 etc
 drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 Mar 27 05:55 home
 drwx------  12 root  wheel  1024 Sep 16 20:39 root
 drwxrwxrwt   5 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:28 tmp
 drwxr-xr-x  17 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:39 usr
 drwxr-xr-x  23 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 var
 # mkdir -p /opt/ext/
 # pax -rwvpe home /opt/ext
 /opt/ext/home
 # mv home home.xxx
 # ln -s /opt/ext/home .
 # ls -l
 total 12
 drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 Mar 27 05:55 altroot
 drwxr-xr-x  31 root  wheel  2560 Sep 16 20:25 etc
 lrwxr-xr-x   1 root  wheel    13 Sep 16 20:40 home -> /opt/ext/home
 drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 Mar 27 05:55 home.xxx
 drwx------  12 root  wheel  1024 Sep 16 20:39 root
 drwxrwxrwt   5 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:28 tmp
 drwxr-xr-x  17 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:39 usr
 drwxr-xr-x  23 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 var
 # rm -rf home.xxx
Save all modifications to wd0d;
 # usbfadm
 
 Welcome to usbfadm.
 USB flash drive maintenance tool for FuguIta
 
      Boot mode: usbflash
 Data stored in: /dev/wd0d
  Data Saved as: test.local
 
 Type ? for help.
 
 wd0d : test.local --> sync
 
 Sync current mfs as ``test.local'' , OK? [y/N] -> y
 
 sending incremental file list
 ./
 home -> /opt/ext/home
 etc/
 deleting etc/nologin
 etc/fstab
 tmp/
 usr/
 deleting usr/local/share/xml/libglade/glade-2.0.dtd
 deleting usr/local/share/xml/libglade/
 (snip)
 var/run/rc.d/sshd
 var/run/rc.d/syslogd
 var/tmp/
 var/www/dev/
 
 sent 24589083 bytes  received 93984 bytes  836714.14 bytes/sec
 total size is 34602836  speedup is 1.40
 
 wd0d : test.local --> quit
 
 Bye bye...
 # 
That's all.
----
#topicpath
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