OpenBSD has the utility for burning CD-R/CD-RW, called cdio.

And FuguIta has a tool which whole FuguIta system into another USB frashdrive.

So, if you wish to get a USB flashdrive version of FuguIta,

  • First, create a FuguIta LiveCD.
  • Next, boot that LiveCD, then create another USB version of Fuguita, using usbfadm utility on the LiveCD version FuguIta.

Creating FuguIta LiveCD

  • Download the ISO image of FuguIta from the site described in FuguIta/Download.
    Note that the part YYMMDDN must be replaced with the version string of real ISO image.
  • After decompression completed, burn that image into CD-R or CD-RW.
    gzip -d FuguIta-6.X-20YYMMDDN.iso.gz
    cdio -f /dev/cd0c blank   (blanking media, needed only for CD-RW)
    cdio -f /dev/cd0c tao FuguIta-5.X-20YYMMDDN.iso

Creating FuguIta LiveUSB

  • First, create FuguIta LiveCD according above description, then run it.
  • Login as root, then execute newdrive subcommand on the USB management tool usbfadm.
    # usbfadm
    Welcome to usbfadm.
    USB flash drive maintenance tool for FuguIta
         Boot mode: manual
    Type ? for help.
    ? : ? --> newdrive
    Scanning USB devices after pressing ENTER.
    Please make sure the device inserted.
    Then press ENTER --> 
    Enter the device name of USB flash drive.
    Contents of system log entries are displayed for your information;
    ==== FYI: sd[0-9] on syslog ================================
         1  sd0 at scsibus1 targ 1 lun 0: <TOSHIBA, TransMemory, PMAP>
         2  sd0: 961MB, 512 bytes/sec, 1968128 sec total
         3  sd1 at scsibus2 targ 1 lun 0: <Generic, USB CF Reader, 0.00>
         4  sd1: drive offline
         5  sd2 at scsibus2 targ 1 lun 1: <Generic, USB SD Reader, 0.00>
         6  sd2: drive offline
         7  sd3 at scsibus2 targ 1 lun 2: <Generic, Mini SD Reader, 0.00>
         8  sd3: drive offline
         9  sd4 at scsibus2 targ 1 lun 3: <Generic, USB MS Reader, 0.00>
        10  sd4: drive offline
        11  sd5 at scsibus2 targ 1 lun 4: <Generic, USB SM Reader, 0.00>
        12  sd5: 62MB, 512 bytes/sec, 128000 sec total
    Enter name of device which FuguIta will be installed --> sd0
    Enter y to set up FuguIta-bootable USB flash drive *1.
    Do you make this USB flash drive bootable? [y/n] -> y
    After transferring the system, by specifying '*', the rest will be allocated as the partition which user will save his data.
    Enter size for saving User Data in MB (311MB free).
    '*' implies all --> *
    Otherwise the numeric value should be entered as the size of saving data (MB)
    Room not used as OpenBSD's area will be formatted as FAT.
    For example;
    Enter size for saving User Data in MB (311MB free).
    '*' implies all --> 250
    in case of this, 250MB is for saving data of FuguIta user. and 61MB becomes FAT.
    Finally, you'll be asked whether the device is that you really intend.
    If you type 'Y' now, all the data on sd0 will be lost.
    Are you sure to initialize sd0? [y/N] -> y
    = Clearing MBR BSD disklabel
    1+0 records in
    1+0 records out
    1048576 bytes transferred in 0.099 secs (10562763 bytes/sec)
    = Setting up MBR
    Writing MBR at offset 0.
    ...... continues ......
    After this, formatting filesystems and copying system files are done. Then FuguIta LiveUSB is completed.

Booting FuguIta

After booting from CD/USB, some user inputs will be prompted;

disks: *cd0a fd0 fd1 rd0 sd0
Disk to boot FuguIta? [cd0a] ->

'*' means the device which stores FuguIta system

  user memory: 267927552 bytes
mfs available: 10MB to 255MB
[default: 127MB] -> 

Only entering "ENTER", half amount of attached memory is specified by default.

set mfs size to default: 127MB

Choose the way of boot

Select boot mode;
  0: fresh boot (normal)
  1: fresh boot (lower memory, faster boot than mode 0)
  2: fresh boot (everything on mfs)
  3: retrieve user data from USB flash memory
  4: retrieve user data from floppy disk
  5: interactive shell for debugging
0 normal fresh boot mode
Like booting just after fresh install. Some parameters are needed to be entered manually. This is the standard fresh boot method.
1 fresh boot with faster and less memory
Same as above.
But under /usr, all files and directories are read only.
2 everything on mfs mode (i.e. diskless mode)
Same as mode 0.
All files and directories will have copied on mfs. This mode requires about more than 650--700MB RAM.
3 Restoring user data from USB flashdrive
After CD/USB boot, extract files which were stored in USB flash. (to be more described)
4 Restoring user data from floppy disk
Same as above, but extracting from floppy disk. (to be more described)
5 Interactive shell mode
After CD/USB boot, single user shell invoked. This is intended for system debug.

At first, you should enter mode 0 (recommended) or mode 1.

Running manual setup.
Copying system files to /mfs ... done
Extracting symlinks from /mfs to /fuguita ... done

Choose keyboard type

Keyboard type;
be      be.swapctrlcaps br      cf
cf.nodead       de      de.nodead       dk
dk.nodead       es      fr      fr.dvorak
fr.swapctrlcaps fr.swapctrlcaps.dvorak  hu      it
jp      jp.swapctrlcaps la      lt
lv      nl      nl.nodead       no
no.nodead       pl      pt      ru
sf      sf.nodead       sg      sg.nodead
si      sv      sv.nodead       tr
tr.nodead       ua      uk      us
us.declk        us.dvorak       us.iopener      us.swapctrlcaps
us.swapctrlcaps.dvorak  us.swapctrlcaps.iopener
-> us

Enter root password twice

Please wait.....
Changing local password for root.
New password:
Retype new password:

Setting network parameters.

host name (without domain) -> nimbus5

IP version(s) to use [n, 4, 6 or 46]-> 46

==[ifconfig -a]=========================
lo0: flags=8008<LOOPBACK,MULTICAST> mtu 33200
        priority: 0
        groups: lo
        lladdr 52:54:00:12:34:56
        priority: 0
        media: Ethernet 10baseT full-duplex
enc0: flags=0<> mtu 1536
        priority: 0
Available network interface(s): ne3
network interface to setup [ne3] -> 

FQDN of this host -> nimbus5.localnet

for DNS servers;
 * up to three IPv4/IPv6 addresses, separated by spaces
 * just press ENTER for DHCP
 * "none" for not using DNS

IPv4 addr of this host ->
netmask                ->
default route          ->

In above case;

  • IPv4 was configured manually.
  • IPv6 was set up as end node by automatic stateless configuration.

...then you will see a login prompt.

Generation of SSH and isakmpd keys take some time while booting.
Automatic boot in progress: starting file system checks.
setting tty flags
kbd: keyboard mapping set to us
pf enabled


starting network daemons: sshd rtsold sendmail inetd.
starting local daemons:.
standard daemons: cron.
Sat May 29 06:19:13 JST 2010

OpenBSD/i386 (nimbus5.localnet) (tty00)


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*1 In case of enter n, System of FuguIta will not be transferred to the drive, and only partition for saving user data will be set up
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Last-modified: 2013-11-04 (Mon) 20:53:17 (2465d)