Top / FuguIta / FAQ / InstallToHDD

Install FuguIta into HDD

To install FuguIta on HDD, also usbfadm utility can be used.

Here is a instruction about it;

Step 0 - Installing FuguIta on a HDD.

On normal FuguIta LiveCD/LiveUSB, invoke usbfadm utility.

# usbfadm

Welcome to usbfadm.
USB flash drive maintenance tool for FuguIta

     Boot mode: manual

Type ? for help.

? : ? --> newdrive

Please make sure the device inserted.
Then press ENTER -> 

==== FYI: sd[0-9] on syslog ================================
sd0 at scsibus2 targ 1 lun 0: <Generic, USB CF Reader, 0.00>
sd1 at scsibus2 targ 1 lun 1: <Generic, USB SD Reader, 0.00>
sd2 at scsibus2 targ 1 lun 2: <Generic, Mini SD Reader, 0.00>
sd3 at scsibus2 targ 1 lun 3: <Generic, USB MS Reader, 0.00>
sd4 at scsibus2 targ 1 lun 4: <Generic, USB SM Reader, 0.00>
============================================================
Enter the name of device which FuguIta will be installed --> wd0

HDD drives such as wd0 will not be prompted, but it can be accepted as normal input.

Disk: wd0       geometry: 2434/255/63 [39102336 Sectors]
Offset: 0       Signature: 0xAA55
            Starting         Ending         LBA Info:
 #: id      C   H   S -      C   H   S [       start:        size ]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*0: A5      0   1   1 -   2434   1  63 [          63:    39102273 ] FreeBSD     
 1: 00      0   0   0 -      0   0   0 [           0:           0 ] unused      
 2: 00      0   0   0 -      0   0   0 [           0:           0 ] unused      
 3: 00      0   0   0 -      0   0   0 [           0:           0 ] unused      

This disk seems to have been partitioned already.
Continue anyway? [y/N] -> y

Do you make this USB flash drive bootable? [y/n] -> y

Enter size for saving User Data in MB (18392MB free).
'*' implies all --> 8192

Caution: usbfadm will erase *ALL DATA* on specified HDD.

***THIS IS THE LAST CHANCE***
If you type 'Y' now, all the data on wd0 will be lost.
Are you sure to initialize wd0? [y/N] -> y

========================================
= Clearing MBR and BSD disklabel
=
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
1048576 bytes transferred in 0.103 secs (10087020 bytes/sec)

(snip)

========================================
= Checking filesystem consistency
=
** /dev/rwd0a
** File system is already clean
** Last Mounted on /mnt
** Phase 1 - Check Blocks and Sizes
** Phase 2 - Check Pathnames
** Phase 3 - Check Connectivity
** Phase 4 - Check Reference Counts
** Phase 5 - Check Cyl groups
10 files, 356188 used, 5171 free (11 frags, 645 blocks, 0.0% fragmentation)
** /dev/rwd0d
** File system is already clean
** Last Mounted on /mnt
** Phase 1 - Check Blocks and Sizes
** Phase 2 - Check Pathnames
** Phase 3 - Check Connectivity
** Phase 4 - Check Reference Counts
** Phase 5 - Check Cyl groups
3 files, 3 used, 14645075 free (19 frags, 1830632 blocks, 0.0% fragmentation)

wd0d : ? --> quit

Bye bye...
#

Now, you've got a new "LiveHDD" system.
The operation of this "FuguIta LiveHDD" is almost identical to "FuguIta LiveCD/LiveUSB" system, then;

  • You have to enter any parameters at boot time.
  • All files modified after boot will be lost (unless you will do backup by usbfadm).
  • Maximum size of writable partition is about 1GB.

Step 1 - Make non-interactive at boot time (optional)

Note: Before this step, Step 0 have to be performed ever.

By this step, you will not prompted any input at boot time.

To activate non-interactive mode, edit /noasks file on wd0d;

# mount /dev/wd0d /mnt
# vi /mnt/noasks

Uncomment all parameters as follows;
noask_umem must be less than physical memory size and 1024MB.

# cat /mnt/noasks
#
# noasks - parameter settings for non-interactive boot
#
# Make statements uncommented
# to activate settings
#
#
# FuguIta system device
noask_rdev='wd0a'
#
# mfs size in MB
noask_umem='1023'
#
# boot mode
noask_setup_rw_mode='3'
#
# data set name in USB flash drive
noask_confdir='test.localnet'

Then unmount it

# umount /dev/wd0d

Step 2 - Make users' data persistent (optional)

Note: Before this step, Step 0 to 1 have to be performed ever.

At this step;

  • Make swap partition active - you can run big application process.
  • Persistent directory will appear.

Prepare swap and data partitions

Modify fdisk partition table for OpenBSD-only use

# fdisk -e wd0
Enter 'help' for information
fdisk: 1> p
Disk: wd0       geometry: 2434/255/63 [39102336 Sectors]
Offset: 0       Signature: 0xAA55
            Starting         Ending         LBA Info:
 #: id      C   H   S -      C   H   S [       start:        size ]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 0: 06   1133 146  38 -   2434   1  63 [    18210880:    20891456 ] DOS > 32MB  
 1: 00      0   0   0 -      0   0   0 [           0:           0 ] unused      
 2: 00      0   0   0 -      0   0   0 [           0:           0 ] unused      
*3: A6      0   1   2 -   1133 146  37 [          64:    18210816 ] OpenBSD     
fdisk: 1> e 0
            Starting         Ending         LBA Info:
 #: id      C   H   S -      C   H   S [       start:        size ]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 0: 06   1133 146  38 -   2434   1  63 [    18210880:    20891456 ] DOS > 32MB  
Partition id ('0' to disable)  [0 - FF]: [6] (? for help) 0
Partition 0 is disabled.
fdisk:*1> e 3
            Starting         Ending         LBA Info:
 #: id      C   H   S -      C   H   S [       start:        size ]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*3: A6      0   1   2 -   1133 146  37 [          64:    18210816 ] OpenBSD     
Partition id ('0' to disable)  [0 - FF]: [A6] (? for help) 
Do you wish to edit in CHS mode? [n] 
offset: [64] 
size: [18210816] *
fdisk:*1> p
Disk: wd0       geometry: 2434/255/63 [39102336 Sectors]
Offset: 0       Signature: 0xAA55
            Starting         Ending         LBA Info:
 #: id      C   H   S -      C   H   S [       start:        size ]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 0: 00      0   0   0 -      0   0   0 [           0:           0 ] unused      
 1: 00      0   0   0 -      0   0   0 [           0:           0 ] unused      
 2: 00      0   0   0 -      0   0   0 [           0:           0 ] unused      
*3: A6      0   1   2 -   2434   1  63 [          64:    39102272 ] OpenBSD     
fdisk:*1> w
Writing MBR at offset 0.
fdisk: 1> q

Make swap (wd0b) and data (wd0e) partition

# disklabel -E wd0
Label editor (enter '?' for help at any prompt)
> p
OpenBSD area: 64-39102336; size: 39102272; free: 0
#                size           offset  fstype [fsize bsize  cpg]
  a:          1445760               64  4.2BSD   2048 16384    1 
  c:         39102336                0  unused                   
  d:         16765056          1445824  4.2BSD    512  4096    1 
  i:         20891456         18210880   MSDOS                   
> d i
> b
Starting sector: [64] 
Size ('*' for entire disk): [39102272] *
> a b
offset: [18210880] 
size: [20891456] 1G
Rounding size to cylinder (16065 sectors): 2095280
FS type: [swap] 
> a e
offset: [20306160] 
size: [18796176] 
FS type: [4.2BSD] 
Rounding offset to bsize (32 sectors): 20306176
Rounding size to bsize (32 sectors): 18796160
> p g
OpenBSD area: 64-39102336; size: 18.6G; free: 0.0G
#                size           offset  fstype [fsize bsize  cpg]
  a:             0.7G               64  4.2BSD   2048 16384    1 
  b:             1.0G         18210880    swap                   
  c:            18.6G                0  unused                   
  d:             8.0G          1445824  4.2BSD    512  4096    1 
  e:             9.0G         20306176  4.2BSD   2048 16384    1 
> q
Write new label?: [y] y
# newfs /dev/rwd0e
/dev/rwd0e: 9177.8MB in 18796160 sectors of 512 bytes
46 cylinder groups of 202.47MB, 12958 blocks, 25984 inodes each
super-block backups (for fsck -b #) at:
 32, 414688, 829344, 1244000, 1658656, 2073312, 2487968, 2902624, 3317280,
 3731936, 4146592, 4561248, 4975904, 5390560, 5805216, 6219872, 6634528,
 7049184, 7463840, 7878496, 8293152, 8707808, 9122464, 9537120, 9951776,
 10366432, 10781088, 11195744, 11610400, 12025056, 12439712, 12854368,
 13269024, 13683680, 14098336, 14512992, 14927648, 15342304, 15756960,
 16171616, 16586272, 17000928, 17415584, 17830240, 18244896, 18659552,
# cd /etc
# vi rc.local

Edit and save /etc files

Edit /etc/rc.local as follows;

# cat rc.local
#	$OpenBSD: rc.local,v 1.44 2011/04/22 06:08:14 ajacoutot Exp $

# Site-specific startup actions, daemons, and other things which
# can be done AFTER your system goes into securemode.  For actions
# which should be done BEFORE your system has gone into securemode
# please see /etc/rc.securelevel.

swapctl -a /dev/wd0b

mkdir /opt
if mount -o softdep /dev/wd0e /opt
then
    :
else
    fsck -fy /dev/rwd0e && mount -o softdep /dev/wd0e /opt
fi
ldconfig -m /usr/local/lib

# vi rc.shutdown

Edit /etc/rc.shutdown as follows;

# cat /etc/rc.shutdown                                                         
#       $OpenBSD: rc.shutdown,v 1.12 2011/04/22 06:08:14 ajacoutot Exp $
#
# If it exists, this script is run at system-shutdown by reboot(8),
# halt(8).  If the architecture supports keyboard requested halting,
# it is also run by init(8) when such an event happens.
#

powerdown=NO    # set to YES for powerdown

# Add your local shutdown actions here.

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin
/usr/fuguita/sbin/usbfadm << EOF
sync
y
q
EOF

# === to unmount /mfs safely ===
#
umount -f /mfs
# 

Save these modifications to wd0d

# usbfadm

Welcome to usbfadm.
USB flash drive maintenance tool for FuguIta

     Boot mode: manual

Type ? for help.

? : ? --> target 

Searching USB flash drives
Please make sure the device inserted.
Then press ENTER -> 

+wd0d wd1 sd0 sd1 sd2 sd3 sd4 
target device --> wd0d

wd0d : ? --> saveas 
Name of saved data --> test.localnet

Your data will be saved as ``test.localnet''.

wd0d : test.localnet --> sync

Sync current mfs as ``test.localnet'' , OK? [y/N] -> y

sending incremental file list
created directory /mnt/livecd-config/test.localnet
./
altroot/
etc/
....(snip)...
var/yp/Makefile.yp.dist
var/yp/README

sent 13647266 bytes  received 152253 bytes  484193.65 bytes/sec
total size is 12765903  speedup is 0.93

wd0d : test.localnet --> quit

Bye bye...

Step 3 - Move files to persistent partition (optional)

Note: Before this step, Step 0 to 2 have to be performed ever.

First, booting from FuguIta-installed HDD device.
Then login as root.

Make sure that /dev/wd0e (persistent device) is mounted.

# mount
/dev/rd0a on / type ffs (local)
/dev/wd0a on /sysmedia type ffs (local, read-only)
/dev/vnd5a on /fuguita type ffs (local, read-only)
mfs:5883 on /mfs type mfs (local, size=2095104 512-blocks)
/dev/wd0e on /opt type ffs (local, softdep)
# df -h
Filesystem     Size    Used   Avail Capacity  Mounted on
/dev/rd0a      1.6M    1.1M    407K    74%    /
/dev/wd0a      706M    696M   10.1M    99%    /sysmedia
/dev/vnd5a     676M    640M   35.4M    95%    /fuguita
mfs:5883      1009M   81.2M    877M     8%    /mfs
/dev/wd0e     15.7G    2.0K   14.9G     0%    /opt

For example, move /usr/local (actually /mfs/usr/local) under /opt/ext/usr .

# mkdir -p /opt/ext/usr
# cd /mfs/usr
# ls -l
total 44
drwxr-xr-x   7 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 X11R6
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel  6144 Sep 16 20:00 bin
drwxr-xr-x  10 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 fuguita
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel  1024 Sep 16 20:00 games
drwxr-xr-x  34 root  wheel  3072 Sep 16 20:00 include
drwxr-xr-x   6 root  wheel  1536 Sep 16 20:00 lib
drwxr-xr-x   6 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 libdata
drwxr-xr-x   8 root  wheel  1536 Sep 16 20:00 libexec
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 May  1 16:19 lkm
drwxr-xr-x  12 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 local
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 mdec
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 May  1 16:19 obj
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel  4096 Sep 16 20:00 sbin
drwxr-xr-x  19 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 share
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 May  1 16:20 src
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 May  1 16:20 xobj
# pax -rwvpe local /opt/ext/usr/
/opt/ext/usr/local
/opt/ext/usr/local/bin
/opt/ext/usr/local/bin/anthy-agent
(snip)
/opt/ext/usr/local/share/xml
/opt/ext/usr/local/share/xml/libglade
/opt/ext/usr/local/share/xml/libglade/glade-2.0.dtd
# mv local local.xxx
# ln -s /opt/ext/usr/local .
# ls -l
total 44
drwxr-xr-x   7 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 X11R6
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel  6144 Sep 16 20:00 bin
drwxr-xr-x  10 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 fuguita
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel  1024 Sep 16 20:00 games
drwxr-xr-x  34 root  wheel  3072 Sep 16 20:00 include
drwxr-xr-x   6 root  wheel  1536 Sep 16 20:00 lib
drwxr-xr-x   6 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 libdata
drwxr-xr-x   8 root  wheel  1536 Sep 16 20:00 libexec
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 May  1 16:19 lkm
lrwxr-xr-x   1 root  wheel    18 Sep 16 20:39 local -> /opt/ext/usr/local
drwxr-xr-x  12 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 local.xxx
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 mdec
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 May  1 16:19 obj
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel  4096 Sep 16 20:00 sbin
drwxr-xr-x  19 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 share
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 May  1 16:20 src
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 May  1 16:20 xobj
# rm -rf local.xxx

For 2nd example, move /home (actually /mfs/home) under /opt/ext .

# cd /mfs
# ls -l
total 12
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 Mar 27 05:55 altroot
drwxr-xr-x  31 root  wheel  2560 Sep 16 20:25 etc
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 Mar 27 05:55 home
drwx------  12 root  wheel  1024 Sep 16 20:39 root
drwxrwxrwt   5 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:28 tmp
drwxr-xr-x  17 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:39 usr
drwxr-xr-x  23 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 var
# mkdir -p /opt/ext/
# pax -rwvpe home /opt/ext
/opt/ext/home
# mv home home.xxx
# ln -s /opt/ext/home .
# ls -l
total 12
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 Mar 27 05:55 altroot
drwxr-xr-x  31 root  wheel  2560 Sep 16 20:25 etc
lrwxr-xr-x   1 root  wheel    13 Sep 16 20:40 home -> /opt/ext/home
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel   512 Mar 27 05:55 home.xxx
drwx------  12 root  wheel  1024 Sep 16 20:39 root
drwxrwxrwt   5 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:28 tmp
drwxr-xr-x  17 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:39 usr
drwxr-xr-x  23 root  wheel   512 Sep 16 20:00 var
# rm -rf home.xxx

Save all modifications to wd0d;

# usbfadm

Welcome to usbfadm.
USB flash drive maintenance tool for FuguIta

     Boot mode: usbflash
Data stored in: /dev/wd0d
 Data Saved as: test.local

Type ? for help.

wd0d : test.local --> sync

Sync current mfs as ``test.local'' , OK? [y/N] -> y

sending incremental file list
./
home -> /opt/ext/home
etc/
deleting etc/nologin
etc/fstab
tmp/
usr/
deleting usr/local/share/xml/libglade/glade-2.0.dtd
deleting usr/local/share/xml/libglade/
(snip)
var/run/rc.d/sshd
var/run/rc.d/syslogd
var/tmp/
var/www/dev/

sent 24589083 bytes  received 93984 bytes  836714.14 bytes/sec
total size is 34602836  speedup is 1.40

wd0d : test.local --> quit

Bye bye...
# 

That's all.


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Last-modified: 2015-06-03 (Wed) 23:37:31 (1290d)